Why are wolves the topic of my blog? Because wolves are one of if not the most important animal in the North American food chain. Wolves are also endangered to the point where there hasn’t been a natural wild wolf in California since the 1940s. Now what happened? Wolves have been vanishing off the face of the planet because people have been killing them wherever they can be found. People have this depiction of wolves as being a big bad monster that gobbles up kids and livestock and will ruin the ecosystem. But in fact, without wolves, we have no ecosystem, so I write this blog in order to persuade my audience to understand why wolves are important and needed to our ecosystem.
In America wolves are hunted by hired hunters who have been enrolled by local counties in states that have made it LEGAL to kill wolves. That means in these states, wolves have been removed from endangered species lists and are known as vermin. States like these include Idaho and Wyoming where wolf dens are gassed so the pups die and the adults flee the den only to be gunned by chopper or another aerial vehicle. If those don’t get them, they are pursued until they are rotting carcasses in the woods without skin, because the skins are still valuable. The only place wolves are safe is in national parks and forests which serve as refugee camps for all sorts of wild animals.
How are wolves important to our ecosystem? Predators are the essence in maintaining a healthy ecosystem because they have a certain niche which requires their predatory skills and that is to keep prey populations in check. Why even bother with prey populations? Prey animals are generally herbivores that live in large herds or small family groups. As herbivores, they eat plant material and plants don’t grow too quickly. When a prey population gets too high, they eat too much plant material which causes new and old plants to be eaten, and they can’t grow back. When they can’t grow back, the prey begin to die, and soon the predators, and soon the affected area turns into a big extinction arena and this is what happened with the dinosaurs. The plants died, then everything died. So in America, our predators include wolves, bears, and cougars, but wolves being of the highest rank because the hunt in large numbers, and hunt the prey with the largest numbers, the caribou. The wolves also in a way keep the caribou strong as they only pick off the weak caribou Now if the wolves disappear, the caribou will flourish until the plants disappear, then they go too, and the North American ecosystem falls into deep anarchy and soon into a dead ecosystem. Wolves are similar to spiders as without the spider, there would be millions more flying insects inhabiting our homes. So we have to thank wolves for keeping our ecosystem alive, but we need to protect them to protect our lush forests, and amazingly diverse ecosystems.